We report a new approach for improving the recharging and discharging speed of lithium ion batteries based on understanding of the electron conduction mechanism of tungsten trioxide (WO3) powder thin films fabricated from nanoparticles and used in lithium ion battery electrodes. Resistivity measurements are carried out after annealing in N2 or 5% O2 + 95% N2 ambient. Annealing in N2 ambient decreases the resistivity owing to the increased number of oxygen vacancies in the WO3 thin film. Fitting results obtained from the resistivity are used to propose the simultaneous existence of two types of electron conduction mechanism, band conduction and nearest-neighbor hopping (NNH) conduction, contributing to electron conduction in WO3 thin films.
- Activation energy
- Electron transport mechanism
- Monoclinic tungsten trioxide powder thin film