The electron-emission properties of relaxation-induced traps in InAs/GaAs quantum dots (QDs) are studied in detail using capacitance-voltage (C-V) profiling and bias-dependent deep-level transient spectroscopy. Strain relaxation is shown to induce a threading-dislocation-related trap in the top GaAs layer and a misfit-dislocation-related trap near the QD. The threading trap decreases its electron-emission energy from 0.63 to 0.36 eV from sample surface toward the QD, whereas the misfit trap gradually increases its electron-emission energy from 0.28 to 0.42 eV from near the QD toward the GaAs bottom layer, indicating that both traps near the QD have lower electron-emission energies. Hence, the emission-energy change is attributed to the related traps across the QD interface where a band offset exists. The C-V profiling at 300 K shows extended carrier depletion near the QD. As temperature is increased, an electron-emission peak emerges at the QD followed by a prominent peak, suggesting that the trap responsible for the prominent peak lies in energy below the QD electron ground state. From a simulation, this trap is identified to be the misfit trap located at the QD and at the observed emission energy below the GaAs conduction band. Based on the energy location of this trap, we deduce a possible mode of strain relaxation.