Electromigration in Pb-free solder bumps with Cu column as flip chip joints

Jae Woong Nah*, J. O. Suh, King-Ning Tu, Seung Wook Yoon, Chai Tai Chong, V. Kripesh, B. R. Su, Chih Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The electromigration in flip chip joints of Cu column bump with two different kinds of solder bumps; eutectic SnPb or eutectic SnAg was studied. The Cu columns were 50 μm thick and 50 μm diameter for eutectic SnPb solders and 80 μm thick and 85 μm diameter for eutectic SnAg solders. We observed that these flip chip joints did not fail after 1 month at 100°C with a current density of 1×10 4 A/cm 2. In these flip chip joints of Cu column bumps with solder bumps, the current distribution in the solder region was uniform and they had strong resistance against electromigration induced failure. The effect of Cu column bump on current distribution in the solder joint has been confirmed by simulation. When we compared the difference in microstructural change between the Cu column with eutectic SnPb and the Cu column with eutectic SnAg, we found that electromigration enhanced the formation of Kirkendall voids at the Cu/Cu 3Sn interface in the eutectic SnPb case due to the smaller amount of Sn in the solder bump. Therefore, the flip chip joints of Cu column bumps with eutectic SnPb solder bumps would be weakened at the interface after high current stressing.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - IEEE 56th Electronic Components and Technology Conference
Pages657-662
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - 22 Dec 2006
EventIEEE 56th Electronic Components and Technology Conference - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: 30 May 20062 Jun 2006

Publication series

NameProceedings - Electronic Components and Technology Conference
Volume2006
ISSN (Print)0569-5503

Conference

ConferenceIEEE 56th Electronic Components and Technology Conference
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period30/05/062/06/06

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