Electrochemical degradation of nafion ionomer to functionalize graphene as a support for core-shell palladium-ruthenium alloy @ platinum electrocatalysts

C. C. Kuo, Y. C. Chang, C. L. Chou, S. C. Chou, Pu-Wei Wu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

A simple but effective electrochemical route to functionalize graphene is demonstrated. Cyclic voltammetric sweeps are performed in H2SO4 aqueous solution on electrodes containing carbon cloth, graphene, and Nafion ionomer. With supply of ambient oxygen, the formation of hydroxyl radicals from the oxygen reduction reaction during CV cycles initiates the decomposition of Nafion ionomer that engenders oxygenated functional groups on the graphene surface. Raman analysis suggests a minor change for the graphene structure. Exploring various amounts of Nafion ionomer, we determine the optimized conditions for graphene functionalization. Contact angle is used to evaluate the effect of Nafion ionomer decomposition. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is employed to study relevant functional groups. Afterwards, nanoparticles of Pd9Ru are synthesized and impregnated on those functionalized graphene (FGN) via a wet chemical reflux process. X-ray diffraction patterns of the as-synthesized samples suggest successful formation of alloy. Images from transmission electron microscope confirm the average size of 3-4 nm. As expected, the Pd9Ru alloy are much more dispersive in FGN rather than in the one without functionalization.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPolymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells 16, PEFC 16
EditorsD. J. Jones, F. N. Buchi, B. S. Pivovar, T. F. Fuller, A. Z. Weber, L. Zhuang, C. Coutanceau, P. N. Pintauro, K. E. Ayers, V. K. Ramani, P. Strasser, R. A. Mantz, S. R. Narayanan, S. Mitsushima, T. J. Schmidt, S. G. Sun, H. Uchida, H. A. Gasteiger, K. Swider-Lyons, J. M. Fenton, Y. T. Kim, K. A. Perry, P. Shirvanian, K. Shinohara
PublisherElectrochemical Society Inc.
Pages757-767
Number of pages11
Edition14
ISBN (Electronic)9781607685395
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2016
EventSymposium on Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells 16, PEFC 2016 - PRiME 2016/230th ECS Meeting - Honolulu, United States
Duration: 2 Oct 20167 Oct 2016

Publication series

NameECS Transactions
Number14
Volume75
ISSN (Print)1938-5862
ISSN (Electronic)1938-6737

Conference

ConferenceSymposium on Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells 16, PEFC 2016 - PRiME 2016/230th ECS Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityHonolulu
Period2/10/167/10/16

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