Electrocatalytic activity of Pt nanoparticles on a karst-like Ni thin film toward methanol oxidation in alkaline solutions

Chung Shou Chen, Fu-Ming Pan*, Hsin Jung Yu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

The study prepared rugged Ni thin films for the study on electrocatalytic methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) in alkaline solutions. The rugged Ni thin film has a karst-like morphology, which provides a large surface area for Pt nanoparticle loading by pulse electrodeposition. Cyclic voltammetry measurements showed that the Pt/karst-Ni electrode had a high electrocatalytic activity toward MOR and CO tolerance in the KOH electrolyte. Ni(OH) 2 formed on the Ni support during the potential scan can enhance CO tolerance of Pt nanoparticles via the bi-functional mechanism. The Langmuir-Hinshelwood and the Eley-Rideal mechanisms are used to elucidate the role of OH surface groups on the Ni support and OH - ions in the electrolyte, respectively, in the enhancement of the CO tolerance. XPS analysis indicates that negative charges transfer from the Ni support to Pt nanoparticles. The electronic interaction may modify adsorption properties of CO adspecies on the Pt catalyst; the modification allows easy CO electro-oxidation by OH species surrounding the Pt nanoparticles, either from the Ni support or from the alkaline solution. The synergistic effect of the bifunctional mechanism and the electronic interaction makes the Pt/karst-Ni structure a good catalytic electrode for MOR in the KOH solution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)382-389
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume104
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 18 May 2011

Keywords

  • Alkaline solution
  • CO tolerance
  • DMFC
  • Nickel
  • Platinum nanoparticles

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