Electrical, Optical, and Thermal Transport Properties of Oxygen-Deficient Amorphous WOx (2.5 < x < 3) Films

Gowoon Kim, Hai Jun Cho*, Yu Miin Sheu, Hiromichi Ohta

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


Oxygen-deficient tungsten oxide (WOx) is known as an active material for various future applications such as smart displays, photocatalysts, Li-ion battery, and so on. WOx exhibits versatile properties depending on the valence state of W, which can vary from +6 to +4. Therefore, clarifying the relationship between x, the valence state of W ion, and the material properties of WOx is crucial for discovering more unique device applications. In case of crystalline WOx, since WOx has many different phases, the valence state of W cannot be modulated continuously from +6 to +4. On the other hand, there is no phase boundary in amorphous (a-) WOx, the valence state of W ion can be continuously modulated against x, and the effect of valence state of W on the material properties of WOx can be thoroughly examined. Here, we report the electrical, optical, and thermal properties of a-WOx films with several valence states of +6 (d0), +5 (d1), and +4 (d2) for x ranging from 2.511 to 2.982. Although the +6 dominant films were electrical insulators with optical transparency in the visible region, we found that both optical transmissivity and electrical resistivity decreased drastically with increase in the +5 concentrations, which also enhances the thermal conductivity because heat can be carried by additional conduction electrons. As the +4 state became dominant in the film, the resistivity slightly increased, whereas the low visible transmission was maintained. These results suggest that the redox of tungsten between +6 and +5 is attributed to all versatile properties of a-WOx, which would be of great use for developing unique devices in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15419-15424
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number25
StatePublished - 27 Jun 2019

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