Effects of surfactant addition on dewatering of alum sludges

Ch-Hpin Huang*, Jill Ruhsing Pan, Cheng Gang Fu, Chi Chao Wu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

In Taiwan, surfactants are frequently used in the flotation process to aid in solid/liquid separation. Their effect on the dewatering of alum sludge was investigated. Various amounts of cationic and anionic surfactants were added to sludge samples, and the dewatering characteristics of the sludge and the water content of sludge cakes were evaluated. Both surfactants improved the dewatering of the sludge by lowering the specific resistance to filtration, decreasing the bound water content, and increasing the dewatering rate of the sludge. Different combinations of anionic and cationic surfactants and polyelectrolytes were also experimented on to study the effect of surfactant addition on the dewatering characteristics of polyelectrolyte-conditioned sludge. Experimental results indicated that both cationic and anionic surfactants adversely affected the dewatering of the conditioned sludge. The addition of surfactant to the oppositely charged polyelectrolyte proved to be most detrimental to sludge dewatering due to the precipitation between surfactant and polyelectrolyte. The addition of cationic surfactant to the cationic polyelectrolyte-conditioned sludge had the least effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1121-1127
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Environmental Engineering
Volume128
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2002

Keywords

  • Dewatering
  • Polyelectrolytes
  • Sludge
  • Surface-active agents

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