We deposited PdO nanoparticles on SnO2 thin films and studied the CO gas sensing behavior of the PdO-decorated sensors at temperatures below 250 °C. The PdO nanoparticles and the SnO2 thin film were both prepared by reactive sputter deposition. The PdO decoration increases the resistivity of the SnO2 thin film as a result of the formation of the P-N junction. The sensing behavior of the sensor at 100 °C and below can be understood simply by the oxygen ionosorption model. At temperatures at 150 °C and above, the sensor demonstrates a fast response followed by a progressive conductance decay during the CO exposure. The observation is likely related with adsorption kinetics of CO and O2 on Pd nanoislands formed as a result of PdO reduction. PdO reduction and reoxidation occur in the temperature range between 100 and 150 °C under the CO sensing condition, and thereby greatly influencing the sensing behavior of the sensor. The sensor signal of the PdO-decorated sensor is about three times that of the bare SnO2 sensor at 150 °C and above. The PdO decoration also significantly reduces the recovery time of the SnO2 sensor. The faster recovery is ascribed to the presence of the residual metal Pd phase, which promotes the spill-over effect.
- CO sensing
- Dissociative oxygen adsorption
- PdO nanoparticles