Effects of inhomogeneous gain and loss on nitride-based vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers

Shih Wei Chen, Ming Hua Lo, Tsung Ting Kao, Chih Chiang Kao, Jung Tang Chu, Li Fan Lin, Hung Wen Huang, Tien-chang Lu, Hao-Chung Kuo, Shing Chung Wang, Chien Cheng Kuo, Cheng Chung Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Nitride-based vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSEL) with hybrid mirror has been investigated. We further measured the as-grown samples (without top dielectric distributed Bragg reflector) by μ-photoluminescence, scanning near-field optical microscopy, and cathodoluminescence (CL). By different excitation power density, the experimental results indicated that the VCSEL devices have different lasing modes and spot sizes, represented inhomogeneous gain and loss distribution in the whole structure. The non-uniform emission intensity distribution including several bright spots of about 1 to 2 μm was observed for both VCSEL devices and as-grown samples, which was obtained from CL measurement, due to the effect of indium clusters and non-uniform micro-cavity resonant in InGaN multi-quantum wells (MQWs). The results show the significant influence on commercial applications such as light emitting diodes, lasers devices and so on.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04C127
JournalJapanese journal of applied physics
Volume48
Issue number4 PART 2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2009

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