The effects of acute amiodarone infusion on dynamics of ventricular fibrillation (VF) are unclear. Six isolated swine right ventricles (RVs) were studied in vitro. Activation patterns during VF were mapped optically, whereas action potentials were recorded with a glass microelectrode. At base-line, VF was associated with frequent spontaneous wave breaks. Amiodarone (2.5 μg/ml) reduced spontaneous wave breaks and increased the cycle length (CL) of VF from 83.3 ± 17.8 ms at baseline to 118.4 ± 25.8 ms during infusion (P < 0.05). Amiodarone increased the reentrant wave front CL (114.4 ± 15.5 vs. 78.2 ± 19.0 ms, P < 0.05) and central core area (4.1 ± 3.8 vs. 0.9 ± 0.3 mm 2, P < 0.05). Within 30 min of infusion, VF terminated (n = 1), converted to ventricular tachycardia (VT) (n = 1) or continued at a slower rate (n = 4). Amiodarone flattened the APD restitution curves. We conclude that amiodarone reduced spontaneous wave breaks. It might terminate VF or convert VF to VT. These effects were associated with the flattening of APD restitution slope and increased core size of reentrant wave fronts.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Issue number||3 51-3|
|State||Published - 29 Jun 2002|
- Action potential duration restitution
- Antiarrhythmic agents
- Optical mapping
- Sudden death