Effects of a modified hospital elder life program on frailty in individuals undergoing major elective abdominal surgery

Cheryl Chia Hui Chen*, Chiung Nien Chen, I. Rue Lai, Guan-Hua Huang, Jane S. Saczynski, Sharon K. Inouye

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives To test the effects of a modified Hospital Elder Life Program (mHELP) on frailty. Design Matched and unmatched analyses of data from a before-and-after study. Setting Hospital, inpatient. Participants Participants aged 65 and older (n = 189) undergoing major elective abdominal surgery at a medical center in Taiwan. Intervention The mHELP included three nursing interventions: early mobilization, oral and nutritional assistance, and orienting communication. Measurements Frailty rate and transitions between frailty states from hospital discharge to 3 months after discharge using Fried's phenotype criteria categorized as nonfrail (0 or 1 criteria present), prefrail (2 or 3 criteria present), and frail (4 or 5 criteria present). Results In matched pairs, participants who received the mHELP interventions were significantly less likely to be frail at discharge (19.2%) than matched controls (65.4%) (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 0.10, 95% CI = 0.02-0.39). Transitions to states of greater frailty during hospitalization were more common for participants in the control group. Three months after discharge, participants who received the mHELP intervention during hospitalization were less likely to be frail (17.3%) than matched controls (23.1%) (AOR = 0.73, 95% CI = 0.21-2.56), although this difference did not achieve statistical significance. Conclusion The mHELP intervention is effective in reducing frailty by hospital discharge, but the benefit is diminished by 3 months after discharge. Thus, the mHELP provides a useful approach to manage in-hospital frailty for older adults undergoing major abdominal surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-268
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2014

Keywords

  • aged
  • frailty
  • geriatric syndromes
  • intervention studies
  • surgery

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