Effective Charge Modification Between SiO2 and Silicon

S. Aronowitz, H. P. Zappe, Chen-Ming Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


A positive flatband voltage shift, ΔVFB≃ +0.4V, with respect to unimplanted portions of the same wafer was obtained when calcium (1 × 1013/cm2) was implanted into 87 nm of thermally grown oxide on an n-type <100> substrate and annealed. It was further determined that calcium acts as a low efficiency n-type dopant (<0.1% activated); this eliminates the possibility of calcium interactions in the n-type substrate causing the flatband behavior. Theoretical calculations on a model SiO2 structure predict an effective negative charge at the Si/SiO2 interface due to calcium incorporation in agreement with the general behavior observed experimentally. The calculations, moreover, predict that aluminum and strontium will behave in a similar fashion to calcium. The prediction with regard to aluminum appears to be verified by recent experimental work.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2368-2370
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1989

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