Effect of the polymer concentration on the rayleigh-instability-type transformation in polymer thin films coated in the nanopores of anodic aluminum oxide templates

Chia Chan Tsai, Jiun-Tai Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

We study the Rayleigh-instability-type transformation of polystyrene (PS) thin films coated in the nanopores of anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) templates. The PS thin films are fabricated using a solution-wetting method, in which the wall thicknesses are controlled by the concentrations of the polymer solutions and the diameters of the nanopores. By thermal annealing, the surfaces of the thin films undulate and the morphologies transform from nanotubes to Rayleigh-instability-induced nanostructures (short nanorods) and long nanorods. To understand the mechanism of the morphology transformation further, we construct the morphology diagrams by annealing the PS thin films at different temperatures and times. We observe that the morphology diagrams of the PS thin films prepared by different concentrations are similar, indicating that the transformation kinetics are not affected by the film thicknesses. The values of the undulation wavelengths, however, are controlled by the film thicknesses and the diameters of the nanopores.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2569-2575
Number of pages7
JournalLangmuir
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Mar 2015

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