Effect of Sn grain orientation on growth of Cu-Sn intermetallic compounds during thermomigration in Cu-Sn2.3Ag-Ni microbumps

Yu An Shen, Fan Yi Ouyang, Chih Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of Sn orientation on thermomigration was investigated in Cu/Sn2.3Ag/Ni microbumps with diameter of 20 μm. Results showed that anisotropic diffusion of Cu in Sn grains affected both formation rates and locations of Cu6Sn5 intermetallic compounds (IMCs). Rapid growth of Cu6Sn5 IMCs at the cold-end interface was observed when the c-axis of Sn grains was parallel to the temperature gradient. In addition, diffusion of Cu atoms was blocked by a Sn grain with a high angle between the Sn c-axis and the thermal gradient, resulting in formation of Cu6Sn5 IMCs near the grain boundary inside the solder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-193
Number of pages4
JournalMaterials Letters
Volume236
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2019

Keywords

  • Diffusion
  • Grain boundary
  • Grain orientation
  • Intermetallic compounds
  • Thermomigration

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