Effect of purification treatment on adsorption characteristics of carbon nanotubes

Mi Chen*, Hung Wei Yu, Jhih Hong Chen, Horng Show Koo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes are novel materials with porous-rich structures and superior adsorption characteristics. In this report, multi-walled carbon nanotubes with different diameter were synthesized by thermal chemical vapor deposition. Amorphous carbon particles were highly removed by thermal oxidation process. Microwave digestion acidic procedure was used to dissolve metal catalysts and open tip of carbon nanotubes. The opened-end multi-walled carbon nanotubes are expected to be much more porous with more gas adsorption sites. The results indicated that the BET surface area decreases with their increasing of diameter of MWCNTs. The effective surface area of carbon nanotubes processed by thermal annealing treatment can increase with the increasing temperatures of 300 °C, 400 °C and 450 °C. Similarly, effective surface area of carbon nanotubes processed by microwave digestion acidic treatment can also increase with increasing processing time. Nitric acid can effectively absorb microwave energy and rapidly dissolve impurities in the carbon nanotubes during digestion process. The surface area increased about 30% with 20 min microwave digestion treatment time. However, microwave digestion acidic and thermal annealing treatments not only remove metallic catalysts and amorphous carbon particles and also increase effective surface area and the extent of purification of carbon nanotubes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1110-1115
Number of pages6
JournalDiamond and Related Materials
Volume16
Issue number4-7 SPEC. ISS.
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2007

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Microwave digestion
  • Multi-walled carbon nanotubes
  • Nanotubes
  • Purification

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