Effect of oxygen distribution on the resistivity in YBa2Cu3O7- oxides (0<0.8)

N. C. Yeh*, King-Ning Tu, S. I. Park, C. C. Tsuei

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The resistivity variation in ceramic YBa2Cu3O7-α (0≤δ<0. 8) oxides has been studied as a function of δduring the oxygen in-diffusion and out-diffusion processes. The distribution of δ=δ(x,t) as a function of the position (x) and time (t) within a grain has been inferred for both processes. We conclude that the oxygen distribution in the oxides is inhomogeneous in the beginning of in-diffusion. This inhomogeneity is due to the fast saturation of oxygen (i.e., δ=0) in the outer layer of each grain and the high activation energy of diffusion of oxygen through these superconducting "shells" (E=1.3±0.1 eV), which limit the rate of forming a uniform sample. The shell formation has important effects on the electronic properties of these superconducting oxides, and must be taken into account in attempting to control the oxygen homogeneity in these oxides, especially in single crystals. On the other hand, out-diffusion produces much more homogeneous samples of δ>0 due to a surface energy barrier Eout=1.7±0.1 eV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7087-7090
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume38
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1988

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