Effect of non-uniform heating on the performance of the microchannel heat sinks

Chun Kai Liu, Shu Jung Yang, Yu Lin Chao, Kun Ying Liou, Chi-Chuan Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations


The present study experimentally investigates the performance of a 2-pass microchannel heat sink subject to non-uniform heating. The size of the microchannel heat sink is 132. mm × 82. mm × 6. mm with a rectangular channel of 1. mm × 1. mm. Three independent heaters having identical size (96. mm × 38.5. mm × 1. mm) is placed consecutively below the microchannel heat sink. Two kinds of manifolds are used for testing of the microchannel, one with a side entrance (type A) and the other with a front entrance (type B). Test results show that both maximum temperature and average temperature rise with the total input power, and this is applicable for both manifolds. For uniform heating condition, the maximum temperature for type B manifold is much lower than that for type A manifold due to a better flow distribution and heat transfer performance. The pressure drop is slightly reduced with the rise of supplied power. For non-uniform heating, the maximum temperature and the average temperature depend on the location of heaters. For the same supplied power with non-uniform heating, it is found that heater being placed at the inlet of the microchannel will give rise to a higher maximum temperature than that being placed at the rear of the heat sink. This phenomenon is especially pronounced when the inlet flowrate is comparatively small and becomes less noted as the inlet flowrate is increased to 0.7. L/min.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-62
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2013


  • Heat sink
  • Microchannel
  • Non-uniform heating

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