Effect of joint shape controlled by thermocompression bonding on the reliability performance of 60μm-pitch solder micro bump interconnections

Yu Wei Huang*, Chau Jie Zhan, Jing Ye Juang, Yu Mn Lin, Shin Yi Huang, Su Mei Chen, Chia Wen Fan, Ren Shin Cheng, Shu Han Chao, Wan Lin Hsieh, Chih Chen, John H. Lau

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three dimensional integration circuits technology has received much attention recently since the demands of functionality and performance in microelectronic packaging for electronic products are rapidly increasing. For high-performance 3D chip stacking, high density interconnections are essential. In the current types of interconnects, solder micro bumps have been widely used and thermocompression bonding process are well adopted to form the connection between bumps. However, the prefect joint contour is difficult to obtain and control by such kind of bonding process in solder micro bump joints. For fine-pitch solder micro bump interconnections, the effect of joint shape on the reliability performances of the solder micro bump joints is not concluded yet till now and needs to be clarified. In this study, the effect of joint shape controlled by thermocompression bonding on the reliability performance of solder micro bump interconnections with a pitch of 60 um was discussed. The chip-to-chip test vehicle having more than 4000 solder micro bump interconnections with a bump pitch of 60 um was used in this study. A solder micro bump structure of Cu/SnAg having a thickness of 7 um/10 um was fabricated in both the silicon chip and substrate. To evaluate the effect of joint shape, four types of joint shape were controlled and made. The first type had a conventional shape of micro joint. Compared to the first one joint structure, the second type of joint structure showed the compressed shape. The third type of joint structure was the pillar-like micro joint while the fourth type of joint structure presented a neck shape having the highest joint height among all the joint structures tested. We used the fluxless thermocompression bonding process to form these four types of micro joints. After bonding process, the chip stack was assembled by capillary-type underfill. Reliability tests of temperature cycling test (TCT), high temperature storage (HTS) and electromigration test (EM) were selected to assess the effect of joint shape on the reliability properties of those four types of solder micro bump interconnections. The reliability results presented that all the types of joint structures could pass TCT of 1000 cycles and HTS of 1000 hours but high variation of daisy chain resistance more than 15% would happen in the neck-shape micro joint after TCT. For the neck-shape micro joint, the high variation of daisy chain resistance after TCT resulted from the cracking propagated along the interface of Cu UBM/Cu6Sn5 IMC and across the tin solder. The cracking situation was more serious as compared to the other three tested micro joints. The results of HTS revealed that resistance variation mainly depended on the micro structural evolution within micro joints tested. Electromigration test was conducted under the testing condition of 0.56 A/150°C. A daisy chain structure was adopted. For both the pillar-shape and neck-shape micro joints, Cu UBM consumption and formation of large void were the major microstructure evolutions within the micro interconnections during EM testing. The conpressed-shape showed the longer electromigration lifetime among all the types of micro joints tested.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - Electronic Components and Technology Conference
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1908-1914
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781479924073
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 Sep 2014
Event64th Electronic Components and Technology Conference, ECTC 2014 - Orlando, United States
Duration: 27 May 201430 May 2014

Publication series

NameProceedings - Electronic Components and Technology Conference
ISSN (Print)0569-5503

Conference

Conference64th Electronic Components and Technology Conference, ECTC 2014
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period27/05/1430/05/14

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