Cold rollings for Al5182 aluminum alloy strips are carried out to evaluate the optical parameters with the applications of two lubricants and various operating conditions. In order to obtain these optical parameters, the fractal parameters which includes periodic lengths ([Formula presented], [Formula presented]) and fractal dimensions ([Formula presented], [Formula presented]) in the modified three-dimensional formula for the fractal surface morphology have been solved first for the rolled surfaces. This three-dimensional formula can provide an effective way to correlate these fractal parameters with the optical parameters using TracePro software, which can help to define rolling conditions efficiently for the specific demand of optical properties. The deterministic results for fractal surface simulations using MATLAB in series and 20° incident angle simulation in TracePro software explain that an increase in [Formula presented] and [Formula presented] will yield dense profiles which elevates the maximum illuminance and lower down the minimum illuminance. While an increment in [Formula presented] and [Formula presented] would increase the characteristic distance between two predominant asperities and increase minimum illuminance and decrease maximum illuminance. Finite element analyses prove that different friction coefficients in the upper and lower rolls potentially induce surface deflection and thus affect the optical properties. A high illuminance uniformity can be achieved by making a compromise among the fractal parameters ([Formula presented], [Formula presented], [Formula presented] and [Formula presented]) such that a small difference in the maximum and minimum illuminances is available.
- 3D formula for fractal surface morphology
- Fractal dimensions and periodic lengths of rolled surface
- Induced deflection angle after rolling
- Optical properties in reflection