Effect of dye concentration on picosecond and femtosecond cw passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire/DDI lasers

Ci Ling Pan, Chin Der Hwang, Jahn Chung Kuo, Jia Min Shieh, Kaung-Hsiung Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

The role of the saturable absorber dye DDI in the cw passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire/DDI laser both with and without compensation prisms is investigated. This laser self-starts when the concentration of the dye is greater than ≈2 × 10−4 M for both picosecond and femtosecond pulses. With the prism pair, the laser generates Gaussian pulses 150 fs in duration. The corresponding spectrum is sech2 in shape with a FWHM of 8 nm. These parameters are independent of the DDI concentration. Without the prism pair, the laser generates picosecond pulses with the FWHM decreasing from 8 to 3 ps as the dye concentration is increased from 2.5 × 10−4 to 1 × 10−3 M. Concurrently the pulse shape changes from a Lorentzian to a nearly symmetric two-sided exponential shape. The picosecond spectra for different dye concentrations are also presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1444-1446
Number of pages3
JournalOptics Letters
Volume17
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 1992

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