Effect of consecutive driving on accident risk: A comparison between passenger and freight train driving

Hsin-Li Chang, Lai Shun Ju*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


This study combined driver-responsible accidents with on-board driving hours to examine the effect of consecutive driving on the accident risk of train operations. The data collected from the Taiwan Railway Administration for the period 1996-2006 was used to compute accident rates for varied accumulated driving hours for passenger and freight trains. The results showed that accident risk grew with increased consecutive driving hours for both passenger and freight trains, and doubled that of the first hour after four consecutive hours of driving. Additional accident risk was found for freight trains during the first hour due to required shunting in the marshalling yards where there are complex track layouts and semi-automatic traffic controls. Also, accident risk for train driving increased more quickly over consecutive driving hours than for automobile driving, and accumulated fatigue caused by high working pressure and monotony of the working environment are considered to be the part of the reason. To prevent human errors accidents, enhancing safety equipment, driver training programs, and establishing a sound auditing system are suggested and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1844-1849
Number of pages6
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2008


  • Accident rate
  • Consecutive driving
  • Exposure
  • Railway safety

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