There are several test methods available for studying the behavior of geotextile/soil filtration systems. However, there has not been a consensus on which one of these methods should be the most appropriate. In this research, gradient ratio (GR) tests and hydraulic conductivity (HCR) tests were performed to evaluate the effects of boundary conditions on the behavior of geotextile/soil filtration systems. The test results show that the hydraulic conductivity of the filtration systems decreased as the effective stress and hydraulic gradient increased. Furthermore, the hydraulic conductivity obtained from GR tests with a hydraulic gradient of 5 could be taken as the lower bounds for HCR test results. Therefore, it is suggested that the GR test can be used to obtain reasonable and conservative design parameters of the filtration systems.
- Gradient ratio
- Hydraulic conductivity ratio