Effect of Barium Titanate on Microstructural Evolution and Properties of Lead Zinc Magnesium Niobate Ceramics

San-Yuan Chen*, Syh‐Yuh ‐Y Cheng, Chien‐Min ‐M Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

BaTiO3 (BT) addition vastly alters the dielectric behavior of lead zinc magnesium niobate (PZMN) relaxor ferroelectrics. Heat treatment, including the sintering process, influences the dielectric properties through changes in the distribution of heterogeneous compositions and in the extent of diffused phase transition. With more than 15 mol% BaTiO3 addition, two cubic phases composed of Ba‐rich and Ti‐rich PZMN substances exist. The destruction of the BaTiO3 phase and reconstruction of Ba‐rich and Ti‐rich regions are initiated during heat treatment, and the extent of destruction and reconstruction determines the dielectric properties of the PZMN ceramics. The BT‐rich PZMN phase, which occurs with higher BaTiO3 addition, plays a less important role in the present investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)400-405
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume74
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1991

Keywords

  • dielectric properties
  • heat treatment
  • heterogeneity
  • lead
  • niobates

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