EEG-based learning system for online motion sickness level estimation in a dynamic vehicle environment

Chin Teng Lin, Shu Fang Tsai, Li-Wei Ko*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


Motion sickness is a common experience for many people. Several previous researches indicated that motion sickness has a negative effect on driving performance and sometimes leads to serious traffic accidents because of a decline in a person's ability to maintain self-control. This safety issue has motivated us to find a way to prevent vehicle accidents. Our target was to determine a set of valid motion sickness indicators that would predict the occurrence of a person's motion sickness as soon as possible. A successful method for the early detection of motion sickness will help us to construct a cognitive monitoring system. Such a monitoring system can alert people before they become sick and prevent them from being distracted by various motion sickness symptoms while driving or riding in a car. In our past researches, we investigated the physiological changes that occur during the transition of a passenger's cognitive state using electroencephalography (EEG) power spectrum analysis, and we found that the EEG power responses in the left and right motors, parietal, lateral occipital, and occipital midline brain areas were more highly correlated to subjective sickness levels than other brain areas. In this paper, we propose the use of a self-organizing neural fuzzy inference network (SONFIN) to estimate a driver's/passenger's sickness level based on EEG features that have been extracted online from five motion sickness-related brain areas, while either in real or virtual vehicle environments. The results show that our proposed learning system is capable of extracting a set of valid motion sickness indicators that originated from EEG dynamics, and through SONFIN, a neuro-fuzzy prediction model, we successfully translated the set of motion sickness indicators into motion sickness levels. The overall performance of this proposed EEG-based learning system can achieve an average prediction accuracy of ∼ 82%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6587600
Pages (from-to)1689-1700
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2 Sep 2013


  • Driving cognition
  • electroencephalography (EEG)
  • learning system
  • motion sickness
  • online estimation

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