Dorsolateral subthalamic neuronal activity enhanced by median nerve stimulation characterizes Parkinson's disease during deep brain stimulation with general anesthesia

Sheng Tzung Tsai, Wei Yi Chuang, Chung Chih Kuo, Paul C.-P. Chao, Tsung Ying Chen, Hsiang Yi Hung, Shin Yuan Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Object Deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery under general anesthesia is an alternative option for patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, few studies are available that report whether neuronal firing can be accurately recorded during this condition. In this study the authors attempted to characterize the neuronal activity of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and elucidate the influence of general anesthetics on neurons during DBS surgery in patients with PD. The benefit of median nerve stimulation (MNS) for localization of the dorsolateral subterritory of the STN, which is involved in sensorimotor function, was explored. Methods Eight patients with PD were anesthetized with desflurane and underwent contralateral MNS at the wrist during microelectrode recording of the STN. The authors analyzed the spiking patterns and power spectral density (PSD) of the background activity along each penetration track and determined the spatial correlation to the target location, estimated using standard neurophysiological procedures. Results The dorsolateral STN spiking pattern showed a more prominent bursting pattern without MNS and more oscillation with MNS. In terms of the neural oscillation of the background activity, beta-band oscillation dominated within the sensorimotor STN and showed significantly more PSD during MNS (p < 0.05). Conclusions Neuronal firing within the STN could be accurately identified and differentiated when patients with PD received general anesthetics. Median nerve stimulation can enhance the neural activity in beta-band oscillations, which can be used as an index to ensure optimal electrode placement via successfully tracked dorsolateral STN topography.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1394-1400
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery
Volume123
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2015

Keywords

  • Deep brain stimulation
  • Functional neurosurgery
  • General anesthesia
  • Median nerve stimulation
  • Microelectrode recording
  • Subthalamic nucleus

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