Does non-patent reference measure university-industry collaboration?

Carey Ming Li Chen*, Hsin-Ning Su, Pei Chun Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This study aims to examine the validity of using non-patent reference (NPR) in a patent document to measure the performance of university-industry collaboration. A total of 77,013 patents with number of assignees equal to two are retrieved from USPTO patent database and classified into different groups based on the type of co-assignation. The fundamental assumption in literature for justifying the use of NPR to measure university-industry collaboration is that university-industry co-assigned patents should contain the highest number of NPRs per patent than other types of co-assignations, e.g. university-university or industry-industry, because university-industry co-assigned patents are inventions substantially based on the collaboration between university and industry. However, it is found in this study that university-university co-assigned patents contain the highest number of NPR (27.18 NPRs per patent) instead of the expected university-industry co-assigned patents (20.13 NPRs per patent). Also, the industry-industry co-assigned patents contain significantly low number of NPRs (2.42 NPRs per patent). This signifies that the assumption in literature is invalid and the use of NPR to measure university-industry collaboration is not proper. Furthermore, NPR can also be added by patent examiner, this enhances the uncertainty when using NPR to measure university-industry collaboration generated by patent inventor or patent applicant. According to the above reasons, this study suggests that it is not proper to use NPR as an indicator to measure university-industry collaboration.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2012 Proceedings of Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology
Subtitle of host publicationTechnology Management for Emerging Technologies, PICMET'12
Pages1049-1053
Number of pages5
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2012
Event2012 Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology - Technology Management for Emerging Technologies, PICMET'12 - Vancouver, BC, Canada
Duration: 29 Jul 20122 Aug 2012

Publication series

Name2012 Proceedings of Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology: Technology Management for Emerging Technologies, PICMET'12

Conference

Conference2012 Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology - Technology Management for Emerging Technologies, PICMET'12
CountryCanada
CityVancouver, BC
Period29/07/122/08/12

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