Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) uses non-invasive and non-radiative imaging to detect inhomogeneous electrical properties in tissues. The inverse problem of EIT is a highly nonlinear, ill-posed problem, which causes inaccuracy in target size calculation. We propose a novel approach to discretize the target size and use a neural network (NN) classifier to classify the unknown size in discrete steps. The target size is discretized into distinct steps, and each step can be a unique class. The data is pre-processed with the cumulative distribution transform (CDT) to enhance distinguishability. First, the NN is trained with simulated datasets, divided into time difference (t-d) group and CDT group. After training, the NN classifier is tested by experimental data recorded in a phantom experiment. Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) is performed to assess the distinguishability of classes. There is a significant increase in distance between classes after the CDT pre-processing. The density of the classes has an upward trend with a higher degree of clustering after CDT pre-processing. The CDT data clustering into distinguishable classes is essential to excellent NN classification results. Such an approach is a significant paradigm shift by turning the cumbersome inverse calculation with uncertain accuracy into a classification problem with predetermined step errors. The accuracy and resolution can be further extended by increasing the discretization steps.
- Electrical impedance tomography
- Neural network classifier
- Cumulative distribution transform
- EARTH MOVERS DISTANCE