Bio-composite coatings, consisting of an organic matrix embedding a bioactive molecule, have been deposited by means of atomizer-assisted atmospheric pressure plasma. Ethylene was chosen as the precursor of the matrix, while the atomizer was fed with a water solution of lysozyme. Coatings chemical composition was investigated by XPS, FTIR and MALDI-TOF spectroscopies, and it has been proved that the one-step inclusion of protein domains in the composite coatings is successful and lysozyme chemical structure is only slightly altered. The amount of embedded lysozyme is as high as 14 μg/cm2 as evaluated from water release test. Finally, the activity of the plasma-embedded protein is close to that of pure lysozyme as verified against Micrococcus lysodeikticus ATCC 4698 through an agar plate diffusion test.
- aerosol assisted plasma
- bio-composite coating
- dielectric barrier discharges
- matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry