Developmental characterization of Zswim5 expression in the progenitor domains and tangential migration pathways of cortical interneurons in the mouse forebrain

Chuan Chie Chang, Hsiao Ying Kuo, Shih Yun Chen, Wan Ting Lin, Kuan Ming Lu, Tetsuichiro Saito, Fu Chin Liu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

GABAergic interneurons play an essential role in modulating cortical networks. The progenitor domains of cortical interneurons are localized in developing ventral forebrain, including the medial ganglionic eminence (MGE), caudal ganglionic eminence (CGE), preoptic area (POA), and preoptic hypothalamic border domain (POH). Here, we characterized the expression pattern of Zswim5, an MGE-enriched gene in the mouse forebrain. At E11.5–E13.5, prominent Zswim5 expression was detected in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of MGE, POA, and POH, but not CGE of ventral telencephalon where progenitors of cortical interneurons resided. At E15.5 and E17.5, Zswim5 expression remained in the MGE/pallidum primordium and ventral germinal zone. Zswim5 mRNA was markedly decreased after birth and was absent in the adult forebrain. Interestingly, the Zswim5 expression pattern resembled the tangential migration pathways of cortical interneurons. Zswim5-positive cells in the MGE appeared to migrate from the MGE through the SVZ of LGE to overlying neocortex. Indeed, Zswim5 was co-localized with Nkx2.1 and Lhx6, markers of progenitors and migratory cortical interneurons. Double labeling showed that Ascl1/Mash1-positive cells co-expressed Zswim5. Zswim5 expressing cells contained none or at most low levels of Ki67 but co-expressed Tuj1 in the SVZ of MGE. These results suggest that Zswim5 is immediately upregulated as progenitors exiting cell cycle become postmitotic. Given that recent studies have elucidated that the cell fate of cortical interneurons is determined shortly after becoming postmitotic, the timing of Zswim5 expression in early postmitotic interneurons suggests a potential role of Zswim5 in regulation of neurogenesis and tangential migration of cortical interneurons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2404-2419
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Comparative Neurology
Volume528
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • forebrain
  • interneurons
  • migration
  • RRID: AB_10649856
  • RRID: AB_2313606
  • RRID: AB_2336171
  • RRID: AB_2337972
  • RRID: AB_430874
  • RRID: AB_442102
  • RRID: AB_514497
  • RRID: AB_514500
  • RRID: AB_840257
  • RRID: AB_943992
  • Zswim

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