Development of an air bleeding technique and specific duration to improve the CO tolerance of proton-exchange membrane fuel cells

Chen Chung Chung*, Chiun-Hsun Chen, De Zheng Weng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigated transient CO poisoning of a proton-exchange membrane fuel cell under either a fixed cell voltage or fixed current density. During CO poisoning tests, the cell performance decreases over time. Experiments were performed to identify which method yields better performance in CO poisoning tests. The results revealed that a change in cell voltage did not affect the stable polarization behavior after CO poisoning of the cell. On the other hand, a higher fixed current density yielded better tolerance of 52.7 ppm CO. The air bleeding technique was then applied using different timings for air introduction during CO poisoning tests. Air bleeding significantly improved the CO tolerance of the cell and recovered the performance after poisoning, regardless of the timing of air introduction. The effects of different anode catalyst materials on cell performance were also investigated during poisoning tests. Without air bleeding, a Pt-Ru alloy catalyst exhibited better CO tolerance than a pure Pt catalyst. However, the air bleeding technique can effectively increase the CO tolerance of cells regardless of the type of catalyst used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2518-2526
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Volume29
Issue number11-12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2009

Keywords

  • Air bleeding technique
  • Catalyst
  • CO poisoning
  • Proton-exchange membrane fuel cell

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