Developing effective professional bus driver health programs: An investigation of self-rated health

Yi-Shih Chung*, Jinn-Tsai Wong

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


The health of professional bus drivers is a critical factor in their driving performance; any impairment may lead to undesired consequences. In an attempt to develop and prioritize health and wellness programs, this study investigates the factors significantly affecting the health conditions of professional bus drivers, as well as the strength of these factors. This study uses self-rated health as the examination measurement. This simple assessment is an inclusive measure of health status for judging health trajectory, and is highly associated with changes in functional ability, including perceived control over driving. This study evaluates driver responses of self-rated health with ordered response models that consider factors such as the driver reported health problems, physical and psychological conditions, demographic factors, driving experience, and working environment. Analysis of a sample of 785 drivers shows that age, body mass index, depression, daily working hours, perceived company safety culture, and health problems are the factors significantly affecting self-rated health. Depression has the greatest effect among all factors except health problems. Unlike the linear relationships for the other factors, the relationships between depression levels and perceived health are S-shaped. The results of ordered response models suggest that these influential factors have distinct effects on the self-rated health of individual drivers and on the different levels of self-rated health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2093-2103
Number of pages11
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2011


  • Bus
  • Ordered response model
  • Professional drivers
  • Self-rated health

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