Determination of the neutrino flavor ratio at the astrophysical source

Kwang Chang Lai*, Guey Lin Lin, T. C. Liu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

We discuss the reconstruction of neutrino flavor ratios at astrophysical sources through the future neutrino-telescope measurements. Taking the ranges of neutrino mixing parameters θij as those given by the current global fit, we demonstrate by a statistical method that the accuracies in the measurements of energy-independent ratios R≡(νμ)/(φ(νe)+φ(ντ)) and S≡(νe)/φ(ντ) among integrated neutrino flux should both be better than 10% in order to distinguish between the pion source and the muon-damped source at the 3σ level. The 10% accuracy needed for measuring R and S requires an improved understanding of the background atmospheric neutrino flux to a better than 10% level in the future. We discuss the applicability of our analysis to practical situations that the diffuse astrophysical neutrino flux arises from different types of sources and each point source has a neutrino flavor ratio varying with energies. We also discuss the effect of the leptonic CP phase on the flavor-ratio reconstruction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103005
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume80
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 Nov 2009

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