Determination of optimal phenanthrene, sulfate and biomass concentrations for anaerobic biodegradation of phenanthrene by sulfate-reducing bacteria and elucidation of metabolic pathway

Jen Chieh Tsai, Mathava Kumar, Su-Min Chang, Jih-Gaw Lin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Anaerobic biodegradation of phenanthrene (PHE) was investigated using an enrichment culture consists predominantly of sulfate-reducing bacteria (87 ± 6%). Aqueous biodegradation experiments were designed using the rotatable central composite design with five levels. The designed concentrations were 2-50 mg L-1 for PHE, 480-3360 mg L-1 for sulfate, and 5-50 mg L-1 for initial biomass. Experimental results indicated that the biomass concentration was the most significant variable, followed by the sulfate and PHE concentrations. The desirability functions methodology (DFM) was applied to find out the maximum specific PHE removal rate (Rs). The maximum Rs of 9.0 mg g-1 VSS d-1 within the designed ranges was obtained when the initial PHE, sulfate and biomass concentrations were 18.5, 841 and 50 mg L-1, respectively. The Rs observed in the present study was higher than the values reported in the previous studies. Subsequently, a confirmation study was performed under the optimal conditions, and the results matched well with the Rs estimated using DFM. Samples collected during PHE biodegradation experiments inferred the formation of two novel metabolic intermediates, 2-methyl-5-hydroxybenzaldehyde and 1-propenyl-benzene, and subsequently degraded to p-cresol, phenol and hydrocarbons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1112-1119
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume171
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Nov 2009

Keywords

  • Anaerobic biodegradation
  • Phenanthrene
  • Sulfate-reducing bacteria

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Determination of optimal phenanthrene, sulfate and biomass concentrations for anaerobic biodegradation of phenanthrene by sulfate-reducing bacteria and elucidation of metabolic pathway'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this