Designer Ge quantum dots on Si: A heterostructure configuration with enhanced optoelectronic performance

M. H. Kuo*, C. C. Wang, W. T. Lai, Tom George, Pei-Wen Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

An otherwise random, self-assembly of Ge quantum dots (QDs) on Si has been controlled by nano-patterning and oxidation to produce QDs with desired sizes, locations, and depths of penetration into the Si substrate. A heterostructure consisting of a thin amorphous interfacial oxide between the Ge QD and the Si substrate is shown to improve crystalline quality by de-coupling the lattice-matching constraint. A low dark current density of 1.1 μA/cm 2 and a high photocurrent enhancement up to 35 000 and 1500, respectively, for 1.5 mW incident illumination at 850 nm and 1160 nm was measured on our Ge QD-based metal-oxide-semiconductor photodiodes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number223107
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume101
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - 26 Nov 2012

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