This paper presents architecture design techniques for implementing both single-rate and multirate high-speed finite impulse response (FIR) digital filters, with emphasis on the multirate multistage interpolated FIR (IFIR) digital filters. Well-known techniques to achieve high-speed and low-power applications for the single-rate digital FIR architecture are summarized, followed by the introduction of variable filter order selection, optimal filter decomposition, memory-saving and mirror symmetric filter pairs techniques which offer further gains in both performance and complexity reduction for the multirate multistage digital FIR architecture. A filter design example with TSMC 0.25∈μm standard cell for 64-QAM baseband demodulator shows that the area is reduced by 39% for low-complexity application. Moreover, for high-speed application, the chip can operate at 714∈MHz. Finally, a designed decimator which is used in the CDMA cellular shows that the area is reduced by 70% as compared with conventional approach.
- FIR digital filter
- Interpolated FIR filter