Design optimization of a 1.4 GHz low power bulk-driven mixer

Chun Hsing Li*, Chien-Nan Kuo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This work presents a design and analysis of a bulk-driven mixer using variant Volterra series approach. Topologies of the bulk-driven mixer (BDM) with and without a current source have been investigated. The analysis shows that the LO voltage swing has a limit in the BDM with a current source due to turn-on of the bulk-to-source diode. The operational principle of the BDM without a current source is discussed and indicates that it shall be characterized in terms of weakly nonlinear operation. With the insight gained from the nonlinear analysis, the proposed BDM is designed and implemented in 0.18-um CMOS technology. The measurement result shows that the voltage conversion gain, SSB noise figure, and IIP3 are 16 dB, 19.65 dB, and 0.5 dBm, respectively. The power consumption is only 0.25 mW from a supply voltage of 1 V.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2010 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference Proceedings, APMC 2010
Number of pages4
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2010
Event2010 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference, APMC 2010 - Yokohama, Japan
Duration: 7 Dec 201010 Dec 2010

Publication series

NameAsia-Pacific Microwave Conference Proceedings, APMC


Conference2010 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference, APMC 2010


  • bulk-driven mixer
  • Low power
  • low voltage
  • Volterra series

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Design optimization of a 1.4 GHz low power bulk-driven mixer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this