Structural properties of GaN epilayers on wet-etched protruding and recess-patterned sapphire substrates (PSSs) have been investigated in detail using high-resolution double-crystal X-ray diffraction (DCXRD) and etch-pit density methods. The DCXRD results reveal various dislocation configurations on both types of PSSs. The etch pits of GaN on the recess PSS exhibit a regular distribution, i.e. less etch pits or threading dislocation density (TDD) onto the recess area than those onto the sapphire mesas. On the contrary, an irregular distribution is observed for the etch pits of GaN on the protruding PSS. A higher crystal quality of the GaN epilayer grown onto the recess PSS can be achieved as compared with that onto the protruding PSS. These data reflect that the GaN epilayer on the recess PSS could be a better template for the second epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELOG) of GaN. As a result, the GaN epilayers after the ELOG process display the TDDs of around ∼106 cm-2.
- A1. Defects
- A1. Etching
- A3. Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition
- B1. Nitrides
- B1. Patterned sapphire substrate
- B3. Light-emitting diodes