Deep neural network for coded mask cryptographical imaging

Ya-Ti Chang Lee*, Yi-Chun Fang, Chung-Hao Tien

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We proposed a novel cryptographic imaging scheme that is the combination of optical encryption and computational decryption. To prevent personal privacy from being spied upon amid the imaging formation process, in this study we applied a coded mask to optically encrypt the scene and utilized the deep neural network for computational decryption. For encryption, the sensor recorded a new representation of the original signal, not being distinguishable by humans on purpose. For decryption, we successfully reconstructed the image with the mean squared error equal to 0.028, and 100% for the classification through the Japanese Female Facial Expression dataset. By means of the feature visualization, we found that the coded mask served as a linear operator to synthesize the spatial fidelity of the original scene, but kept the features for the post-recognition process. We believe the proposed framework can inspire more possibilities for the unconventional imaging system. (C) 2021 Optical Society of America

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1686-1693
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Optics
Issue number6
StatePublished - 20 Feb 2021

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