Decomposition of 2-chlorophenol in aqueous solution by ultrasoundth 2 o 2 process

Jih-Gaw Lin*, Cheng Nan Chang, Jer Ren Wu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


Several authors have indicated that ultrasound is effective in oxidizing organic contaminants in water and in wastewater either as the sole means of treatment or in combination with ozonation and UV irradiation. In this work we decomposed 2-chlorophenol (2-cp) in aqueous solution with ultrasound and H 2 O 2 . The experiment was conducted with a sonicator (Microson XL-2020) operated at 20 kHz The double amplitude at the tip of the standard horn (12 7 mm) was adjusted to 0, 72 and 120 μm, corresponding to power input 0, 125 and 160 W. The initial concentration of aqueous 2-cp solution was 100 mg/l, treated in the system with 0, 100, 200 and 500 mg/l H 2 O 2 individually. The volume of solution was 11 in a mixing flask, and was circulated to the sonication cell at the rate 500 mL/min Oxygen was continuously purged into the flask. The temperature of solution was kept constant at 25°C and pH was controlled at 3, 5, 7, 9 and 11. The results showed the decomposition of 2-cp was effective at increased amplitude of ultrasound and concentration of H 2 O 2 , and smaller pH. At reaction duration 360 min, 2-cp decomposition with 500 mg/l H 2 O 2 was found with 57% improvement over the control, i e. without H 2 O 2 addition. The pH, controlled below the pKa of 2-cp (8.49 at 25°C), had significantly better decomposition of 2-cp than at greater values. The decomposition rate of 100 mg/l 2-cp was 99% at 120 μm double amplitude with H 2 O 2 (200 mg/L) and pH 3, after 360 min of reaction. The removal of total organic carbon was found to be only 63%. From analysis of the experimental results, the data on 2-cp decomposition appeared to follow pseudo-first-order reaction kinetics. The squared correlation coefficient, R2, of the model was greater than 0.9 for various pH values.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-81
Number of pages7
JournalWater Science and Technology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Mar 1996


  • 2-chlorophenol
  • Decomposition
  • H O
  • Pseudo-first-order kinetics
  • Ultrasound
  • pH

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