Dc dynamic and static pull-in predictions and analysis for electrostatically actuated clamped circular micro-plates based on a continuous model

Lun De Liao, Chang-Po Chao, Chih Wei Huang, Chi Wei Chiu

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38 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study develops a continuous model to analyze the 'pull-in' effect in the circular micro-plates used in capacitive-type micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) sensors, actuators and microphones. In developing the model, the governing equation of motion of the deformed plate is established in the form of a partial different equation (PDE) which is then decomposed using the Galerkin method to create a coupled set of modal ordinary differential equations. By considering the first-order deflection mode only and using a fifth-order Taylor series expansion of the electrostatic force, closed-form solutions are obtained for both the position and the voltage of the static pull-in event. Applying an energy balance method and a finite-order approximation method, the solutions are then obtained for the position and voltage of the dynamic pull-in event. The theoretical results obtained for the pull-in phenomena are verified based on the comparison to available experimental data, and also numerically using a finite element analysis (FEA) approach. In general, the results indicate that the ratio of the dynamic to static pull-in voltages is approximately 92%. However, when the squeezed-film effect induced by the air gap between the two plates is taken into account, the value of this ratio increases slightly as a result of considering a higher dynamic pull-in voltage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number025013
JournalJournal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Feb 2010

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