Several emerging nonvolatile memories (NVMs) such as ferroelectric memory, magnetoresistive rams and ovonic universal memory are being developed for possible applications. Resistive random access memory (RRAM) is another interesting competitor in the class of NVMs. The RRAM is based on a large change in electrical resistance when the memory film is exposed to voltage or current pulses, and can keep high or low resistance states without any power. The ideal RRAM should have the superior properties of reversible switching, long retention time, multilevel switching, simple structure, small size, and low operating voltage. Perovskite oxides, transition metal oxides, and molecular materials were found to have resistive memory properties. This presentation reviews the ongoing research and development activities on future resistance NVMs technologies incorporating these new memory materials. The possible basic mechanisms for their bistable resistance switching are described. The effect of processing, composition, and structure on the properties of resistive memory materials and consequently the devices are discussed.
- Molecular materials
- Nonvolatile memories
- Perovskite oxides
- Resistance random access memory (RRAM)
- Transition metal oxides