Crystalline low-band gap polymers comprising thiophene and 2,1,3-benzooxadiazole units for bulk heterojunction solar cells

Jian Ming Jiang, Po An Yang, Tsung Hsuan Hsieh, Kung-Hwa Wei*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have used Stille coupling polymerization to synthesize a series of new crystalline low-band gap conjugated polymers-PTHBO, PBTTBO, and PTTTBO-constituting mainly electron-rich thiophene (TH), 2,2′-bithiophene (BT), and thieno[3,2-b]thiophene (TT) units in conjugation with electron-deficient 2,1,3-benzooxadiazole (BO) moieties. All of these polymers exhibited (i) sufficient energy offsets with respect to those of fullerenes to allow efficient charge transfer and (ii) low-lying highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO, -5.47 eV). These polymers exhibited excellent thermal stability, high crystallinity, and broad spectral absorptions. As a result, bulk heterojunction photovoltaic devices derived from these polymers and fullerenes provided open-circuit voltages (Voc) as high as 1.02 V. In particular, the photovoltaic device comprising the PTTTBO/PC61BM (1:1) blend system and 1,8-diiodooctane (DIO, 0.5 vol %) as an additive exhibited excellent performance, under AM 1.5 G irradiation (100 mW cm -2), with a value of Voc of 0.85 V, a short-circuit current density (Jsc) of 11.6 mA cm-2, a fill factor (FF) of 0.54, and a promising power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 5.3%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9155-9163
Number of pages9
JournalMacromolecules
Volume44
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 Dec 2011

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