Credit pre-reservation mechanism for UMTS prepaid service

Hsin Yi Lee*, Yi-Bing Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Online Charging System (OCS) supports multiple prepaid and postpaid sessions simultaneously. Through credit reservation, the OCS assigns some credit units to a session. These credit units are decremented based on the traffic volume or the duration time. If the assigned credit units are consumed before the session is completed, an reserve units (RU) operation is executed to obtain more credit units from the OCS. If the credit at the OCS is depleted, the prepaid session is forced to terminate. During the RU operation, packet delivery is suspended until extra credit units are granted from the OCS. To avoid session suspension during credit reservation, we propose the credit pre-reservation mechanism (CPM) that reserves credit earlier before the credit at the GGSN is actually depleted. Analysis and simulation experiments are conducted to investigate the performance of the mechanism. Our study indicates that the CPM can significantly improve the performance of the OCS prepaid mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5475331
Pages (from-to)1867-1873
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2010


  • Credit reservation
  • Diameter protocol
  • Online charging
  • Prepaid service
  • System (UMTS)
  • Universal mobile telecommunications

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