Near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectra of phenyl ether at the carbon K-edge and 1,3-diphenoxybenzene at both the carbon and oxygen K-edges were measured in the total ion yield mode using X-rays from a synchrotron and a reflectron time-of-flight mass spectrometer. Time-dependent density functional theory was adopted to calculate the carbon and oxygen K-edge NEXAFS spectra of phenol, phenyl ether, and 1,3-diphenoxybenzene. The assignments and a comparison of the experimental and calculated spectra are presented. The mass spectra of ionic products formed after X-ray absorption at various excitation energies are also reported. Specific dissociations were observed for the 1s → π∗ transition of phenyl ether. In comparison with phenol and phenyl ether, the dependence of the fragmentation on the excitation site and destination state was weak in 1,3-diphenoxybenzene, likely as a result of delocalization of the valence electrons and rapid randomization of energy.