Construction of a photoanode with varied TiO2 nanostructures for a Z907-sensitized solar cell with efficiency exceeding 10%

Jia Wei Shiu, Zih Jian Lan, Chien Yi Chan, Hui Ping Wu, Wei-Guang Diau*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

For Z907-based dye-sensitized solar cells, we constructed photoanodes, layer by layer, containing titania nanostructures of varied types-spherical nanoparticles (NPs), one-dimensional nanorods (NRs), and octahedron-like nanocrystals of varied size (HD1-HD3), in either a bi-layer (BL) or a multi-layer (ML) film configuration. To understand the kinetics of electron transport in these devices, we measured charge extraction, intensity-modulated photocurrent spectra and photovoltage spectra of devices made of either these nanomaterials or hybrid HD-NP composites (HDP). The HD devices featured an excellent characteristic of electron transport and upward-shifted potentials to produce VOC greater than those of the NP and NR devices, but the latter featured a larger dye loading to give JSC greater than that for the former; the devices fabricated with hybrid HDP films showed enhanced JSC and balanced VOC to perform better than their individual counterparts. We constructed the ML devices based on the NP-BL system with additional HDP layers inserted between the two components, NP and SL, to enhance JSC so as to attain the best performance, with efficiency of power conversion (PCE) = 10.1%, at a film thickness (L) of 26 μm. Because of the robust structural feature of the HD films, the devices fabricated with a simple BL film configuration, HD1/SL = 6/3, exhibited the best performance, PCE = 10.2% at L = 29 μm, which is a promising advance for Z907-based solar cells with a superior and enduring stability of performance for commercialization. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8749-8757
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume2
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Jun 2014

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