Conjugated polymer nanostructures for organic solar cell applications

Jiun-Tai Chen*, Chain-Shu Hsu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

185 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recently, there has been tremendous progress in the development of polymer-based organic solar cells. Polymer-based solar cells have attracted a great deal of attention because they have the potential to be efficient, inexpensive, and solution processable. New materials, nanostructures, device designs, and processing methods have been developed to achieve high device efficiencies. This review focuses on the fabrication techniques of conjugated polymer nanostructures and their applications for organic solar cells. We will first introduce the fundamental knowledge of organic solar cells and emphasize the importance of nanostructures. Then we will discuss different strategies for fabricating conjugated polymer nanostructures, including topics such as polymer nanowires, nanoparticles, block copolymers, layer-by-layer deposition, nanoimprint lithography, template methods, nanoelectrodes, and porous inorganic materials. The effects of the nanostructures on the device performance will also be presented. Efficiencies higher than 10% are expected for polymer-based solar cells by using new materials and techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2707-2722
Number of pages16
JournalPolymer Chemistry
Volume2
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2011

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