Deep brain stimulation (DBS) in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) has been applied for advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). In clinical practices, monopolar configuration is often utilized based on clinical efficiency. Meanwhile, the volume of tissue activated (VTA) by DBS is estimated for controlling and/or limiting the stimulated region. However, side effects like dyskinesia and tremor were accompanied during stimulation. Most studies had found that bipolar stimulation is an alternative approach for side effects avoidance. The goal of this paper is to develop a quantified relationship of stimulation voltage from monopolar to bipolar configuration to improve neural stimulation. In this paper, an electromagnetic finite element model is first built for a patient-specific physiological brain model, which is established by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data. The model is then used for finite element analysis (FEA) to estimate VTA with varied electrode voltage in monopolar and bipolar configurations. With the goals to avoid side effects and achieve symptoms suppression, the stimulation voltage of bipolar configuration is successfully computerized based on the electromagnetic FEA simulations. Experiments are conducted successfully to validate simulation results.
- Deep brain stimulation (DBS)
- Finite element analysis (FEA)
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Side effects
- Stimulation configuration
- Volume of tissue activated (VTA)