Computational complexity reduction of neural networks of brain tumor image segmentation by introducing fermi–dirac correction functions

Yen Ling Tai, Shin Jhe Huang, Chien Chang Chen, Henry Horng Shing Lu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nowadays, deep learning methods with high structural complexity and flexibility inevitably lean on the computational capability of the hardware. A platform with high-performance GPUs and large amounts of memory could support neural networks having large numbers of layers and kernels. However, naively pursuing high-cost hardware would probably drag the technical development of deep learning methods. In the article, we thus establish a new preprocessing method to reduce the computational complexity of the neural networks. Inspired by the band theory of sol-ids in physics, we map the image space into a noninteraction physical system isomorphically and then treat image voxels as particle-like clusters. Then, we reconstruct the Fermi–Dirac distribution to be a correction function for the normalization of the voxel intensity and as a filter of insignificant cluster components. The filtered clusters at the circumstance can delineate the morphological het-erogeneity of the image voxels. We used the BraTS 2019 datasets and the dimensional fusion U-net for the algorithmic validation, and the proposed Fermi–Dirac correction function exhibited comparable performance to other employed preprocessing methods. By comparing to the conventional z-score normalization function and the Gamma correction function, the proposed algorithm can save at least 38% of computational time cost under a low-cost hardware architecture. Even though the correction function of global histogram equalization has the lowest computational time among the employed correction functions, the proposed Fermi–Dirac correction function exhibits better capabilities of image augmentation and segmentation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number223
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalEntropy
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Computational complexity
  • Dimensional fusion U-net
  • Fermi–Dirac distribution
  • Image segmentation

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