Comprehensive wave propagation model toimprove tdr interpretations for geotechnical applications

Chih-Ping Lin*, Shr Hong Tang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Time domain reflectometry (TDR) is becoming an important monitoring technique for various geotechnical problems. Better data interpretation and new developments rely on the ability to accurately model the TDR waveform, especially when long cables are used. This study developed an efficient, complete, and general-purpose TDR model that accounts for all wave phenomena including multiple reflection, dielectric dispersion, and cable resistance all together. Inverse analysis based on the TDR wave propagation model is proposed to calibrate the TDR system parameters and determine the TDR parameter that changes with the physical parameter to be monitored. Calibration of TDR cable and data interpretations for various geotechnical applications were demonstrated with laboratory experiments. The excellent match between the simulated and measured waveforms validates the TDR wave propagation model. The results show that the proposed numerical procedure is a relatively simple, efficient and high-resolution tool for probe design, parametric studies, data interpretation, and inverse analyses. This study should provide a sound theoretical foundation for further TDR developments in geotechnical monitoring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-97
Number of pages8
JournalGeotechnical Testing Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2007


  • Cable resistance
  • Time domain reflectometry (TDR)
  • Transmission line

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comprehensive wave propagation model toimprove tdr interpretations for geotechnical applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this