Compound surface textures for enhanced near-infrared light havesting of crystallin silicon solar cells

Chia Hua Chang*, Peichen Yu, Min Hsiang Hsu, Ping Cheng Tseng, Wei Lun Chang, Wen Ching Sun, Wei Chih Hsu, Shih Hsin Hsu, Yia Chung Chang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


As silicon photovoltaics evolve towards thin-wafer technologies, efficient optical absorption for the near-infrared wavelengths has become particularly challenging. In this work, we present a solution that employs combined micro- and nano-scale surface textures to increase light harvesting in the near-infrared for crystalline silicon photovoltaics, and discuss the associated antireflection and scattering mechanisms. The surface textures are achieved by uniformly depositing a layer of indium-tin-oxide nanowhiskers on micro-grooved silicon substrates using electron-beam evaporation. The nanowhiskers facilitate optical transmission in the near-infrared by functioning as impedance matching layers with effective refractive indices gradually varying from 1 to 1.3. Materials with such unique refractive index characteristics are not readily available in nature. Compared to the reflectance of the conventional silicon solar cell, the combined textures structure provided broadband high absorption, especially in the near infrared region. As a result, the solar cell with combined textures achieves over 90% external quantum efficiencies for a broad wavelength range of 460 to 980 nm, which is crucial to the development of advanced thin-substrate silicon solar cells. Due to the high photocurrent contributed to the performance, the compound textured solar cell increased the 1.1% absolute power conversion efficiency, from 16.1% to 17.2%.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProgram - 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2011
Number of pages4
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2011
Event37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2011 - Seattle, WA, United States
Duration: 19 Jun 201124 Jun 2011

Publication series

NameConference Record of the IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference
ISSN (Print)0160-8371


Conference37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2011
CountryUnited States
CitySeattle, WA

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